Smart Patches can provide a cheap alternative to full long-lasting insecticide-treated bednets (LLINs) but can also be used to bolster the efficacy of LLINs. An attractive but small insecticide-treated patch on top of the bednet can reduce the amount of chemicals needed and minimise human exposure.
Eave Tubes are low-tech tools that work passively (no daily handling like bednets is needed) and can provide protection to the entire household. They utilize the most attractive stimulant present in nature: human smells, and provide a precision-targeted use of insecticides away from direct human contact.
Outdoor MCDs have the potential to target outdoor biting vectors. With insecticide resistance and mosquito behavioural changes being a huge problem in malaria-endemic countries, additional tools that have an impact outdoors are much needed.